Q. What is Shared-Work?
A. Shared-Work is an alternative to layoffs that may be used when the work available to employees decreases. Instead of the employer laying off some employees, all employees share the available work by working reduced hours and collecting a portion of their unemployment compensation, or UC, benefits. To receive approval for a Shared-Work plan, an employer must certify that the plan is in lieu of layoffs that would involve at least 10 percent of the employees in the affected unit and would result in an equivalent reduction in work hours.
Q. If I choose Shared-Work, must I use it for my entire business?
A. No. A Shared-Work plan can apply to a department, shift or other organizational unit. You may have more than one Shared-Work plan.
Q. How many employees are required for a Shared-Work plan?
A. The department, shift or unit under a Shared-Work plan must have at least two participating employees without regard to corporate officers.
Q. Are there any requirements for employee participation?
A. Yes. Employees must have been employed in the department, shift or unit for at least three months immediately preceding the date the plan is submitted to the department for approval. Employees who will work 40 or more hours per week while the plan is in effect are also excluded.
Q. How many hours of work can be reduced in a Shared-Work plan?
A. You must reduce hours by at least 20 percent and by no more than 40 percent.
Q. Must hours of work be reduced equally for all employees?
A. All employees participating in the same Shared-Work plan must be treated equally, with the same percentage of hours reduced. However, there may be multiple Shared-Work plans for an employer covering different departments, shifts or units. For example, one Shared-Work plan may reduce the employees’ hours by 25 percent and another plan may reduce hours by 40 percent.
Q. How long can my employees receive Shared-Work benefits?
A. Assuming an employee is otherwise eligible for UC, he or she may receive Shared-Work benefits until their regular unemployment compensation entitlement ends or until the Shared-Work plan ends, whichever occurs first. The employee may be entitled to regular UC benefits following the conclusion of a Shared-Work plan if he or she doesn’t return to normal work hours.
Q. How long can a Shared-Work plan last?
A. A Shared-Work plan can last up to 52 consecutive weeks. However, an employer may only use the Shared-Work program a maximum of 104 weeks out of a 156-week period.
Q. Can I terminate a Shared-Work plan?
A. Yes. An employer may terminate a Shared-Work plan by providing written notice to the department. The department may also terminate a plan for good cause.
Q. Can I lay off some of the workers participating in a Shared-Work plan and continue the plan with the remaining individuals?
A. No. You may not lay off any employees in a Shared-Work plan during the duration of the plan.
Q. Can an employee work for another employer during the time his or her hours are reduced?
A. Yes. However, after the Shared-Work plan ends work with another employer could affect the employee’s eligibility for regular UC benefits.
Q. Must an employee actively seek other work or accept other work while participating in Shared-Work?
A. No, Shared-Work participants are exempt from the work registration requirement. However, to be eligible for Shared-Work benefits, a participating employee must be available for his or her normal weekly hours of work with the Shared-Work employer.
Q. What happens if an employee receives holiday, sick or vacation pay?
A. To the extent that holiday, sick, or vacation pay is received for hours the employee would have worked under the Shared-Work plan, the employee's eligibility for Shared-Work UC benefits would not be affected. However, if a participating employee works the number of hours determined under the plan and receives holiday, sick or vacation pay for additional hours, his or her UC eligibility will be determined without regard to the Shared-Work provisions of the UC law. This would occur, for example, if an employee works Monday through Thursday under a plan that calls for a 20 percent reduction in work hours, and gets paid for a Friday holiday.
Q. If I have union employees, must the union approve Shared-Work?
A. Yes. If your employees are covered by a collective bargaining agreement, a signed consent form from the collective bargaining representative must accompany the application for approval of a Shared-Work plan.
Q. How are Shared-Work benefits charged?
A. Shared-Work benefits are charged in the same manner as regular UC benefits, that is, to each participating employee's base year employers.
Q. How do I begin the Shared-Work program?
The first step is for the employer to complete a Pennsylvania UC Shared-Work plan application. Applications are available here
or by writing to the Office of UC Benefits, Attn: Shared-Work, 651 Boas St – Room 610, Harrisburg, PA 17121.
Q. Should my application specify which employees will be participating in the Shared-Work program?
A. Yes. The plan must include the name, Social Security number, normal hours worked per week, and the proposed reduction of hours per week for the employees in the affected unit.
Q. How will I know if my Shared-Work plan is approved?
A. Employers are notified in writing when the plan is approved or disapproved. The plan will be effective the Sunday after the week the plan is approved.
Q. What other responsibilities do I have after the plan is approved?
A. As the employer, you will be responsible for distributing the initial UC application forms to your employees and, once completed, mailing them to the department. In addition, you will be required to submit claims on behalf of your employees on a biweekly basis.
Q. Where can I direct questions about Shared-Work?
Please contact the Employer Information Center at 877-785-1531 and ask for information on the Shared-Work program or send an email to SharedWork@pa.gov
Bargaining Unit FAQs
Q. Not every employee within the “affected unit” is a union member; can the unit still be approved for a Shared-Work plan?
Q. Can the company be approved for Shared-Work without the consent of collective bargaining/union representation?
A. No. If the employer indicates that the affected unit is part of a collective bargaining unit / union, the representative of the union must also sign the application.
Q. Can the union representative request a modification or termination of a Shared-Work plan?
A. No. The union cannot unilaterally modify or terminate a Shared-Work plan.
Q. Why would a union member with seniority agree to reduced hours through Shared-Work when his/her job would be secure and an employee in his unit with less seniority would be laid off?
A. Shared-Work preserves the jobs of all of the employees within the unit thereby:
eliminating the need for training new employees when work has returned to full time
maintaining the level of productivity and skills
sustaining the union workforce
Q. What is Shared-Work?
A. Shared-Work is an alternative to layoffs that may be used when the work available to employees decreases. Instead of the employer laying off some employees, all employees share the available work by working reduced hours and collecting a portion of their unemployment compensation, or UC, benefits.
Q. How much will my UC benefit payments be under Shared-Work?
You will receive the percentage of your weekly benefit allowance (*WBA) equal to the percentage of your reduction in hours per week. For example, if your WBA is $400 and the employer reduces your hours by 20 percent under the Shared-Work plan, you would receive 20 percent of $400 or $80 in Shared-Work UC. Note: The amount you actually receive may be less due to deductions for recoupment of overpayments, federal tax withholding, child support intercepts or an established benefit reduction. (Refer to your “Pennsylvania Unemployment Compensation Handbook” for information regarding benefit reduction.)
*WBA = This amount may vary from worker to worker and is listed in the “Notice of Financial Determination” you received, or will receive, when your new UC claim was/is established.
Q. Under the Shared-Work plan, am I required to serve an unpaid waiting week?
A. Yes. The first week of your new UC claim will be considered your unpaid waiting week.
Q. I already have a UC claim on which the benefit year has not yet expired. Do I have to apply for another claim under Shared-Work?
A. No. Your claim will be reactivated. However, you should complete the Shared-Work initial claim application in order to provide us with your most up-to-date information.
Q. Can I work for another employer while participating in my employer’s Shared-Work plan?
A. Yes. However, after the Shared-Work plan ends work with another employer could affect your eligibility for regular UC benefits.
Q. Will my Shared-Work employer be required to report the wages I earn from my part-time employer?
A. No. Earnings from your Shared-Work employer or part-time employer are not reported during a Shared-Work plan period. However, if your employer’s Shared-Work plan ends and you continue to file for UC benefits, you will be required to report all gross earnings (before deductions) from all of your employers during the week in which they are earned.
Q. Must I actively seek other work or accept other work while participating in Shared-Work?
A. No. However, to be eligible for Shared-Work benefits, you must be available for your normal weekly hours of work with the Shared-Work employer.
The information provided on this site does not constitute a determination of eligibility to receive unemployment compensation.